MNP Group Seminar: Probing hydrodynamics and adhesion with biomimetic systems

Dr Lionel Bureau, CNRS Researcher at the University Grenoble Alpes, will be presenting a seminar on his research.

Interactions between circulating blood cells and vessel walls are central to many physiological processes such as the early stages of the immune or inflammatory response, gas exchanges with tissues, or vascular remodeling. A key player in regulating such processes is the so-called endothelial glycocalyx, a soft and µm-thick layer of biomacromolecules lining the lumen of blood vessels. While the glycocalyx is recognized as the primary « gatekeeper » of the vascular walls, its mechanical role in controlling the adhesive and hydrodynamic interactions with flowing cells is far from being elucidated. In this talk, I will present two biomimetic strategies developed to address this issue.

Combining microfluidics with endothelial cell culture, we create microvasculatures-on-a-chip, which recapitulate in vitro the nature of the blood vessel surface and some of the salient features of micro-confined flow of red blood cells [1]. In a complementary approach, we use well-controlled biopolymer layers in order to mimic the glycocalyx and study how such layers affect the motion of particles flowing nearby [2]. I will discuss how these experimental strategies help us to better understand the physics of cell/wall interactions in blood flow. [1] D. Tsvirkun et al. Microvasculature on a chip: study of the Endothelial Surface Layer and the flow structure of Red Blood Cells, Sci. Rep. 7, 45036 (2017) [2] H. S. Davies et al. Elastohydrodynamic lift at a soft wall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 198001 (2018) This cross-disciplinary seminar is open to all interested. Lionel Bureau has a background in soft matter physics, with particular interest in the mechanics of (bio)fluids and the dynamics and adhesion of cells. He will be with us for the entire day.

If you would like to have a separate meeting with the speaker, please contact Ralf Richter and let him know what time(s) would suit you. All are welcome to attend.