Professor Jie Xu

Professor Jie Xu


I am the leader for a Research Peak of Excellence at Leeds, the director of the EPSRC-funded White Rose Grid e-Science Centre, involving the three White Rose Universities of Leeds, Sheffield and York, and the head of the Distributed Systems and Services (DSS) Theme (with a total of over 40 theme members) at Leeds. I have worked in the field of Distributed Computing Systems for over thirty-five years, engaging closely with industrial leaders such as Rolls-Royce, BAE Systems, and JLR. I received a PhD in Computing Science from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, and was Professor of Distributed Systems at the University of Durham ( before joined Leeds in 2003.

I am an executive member of UKCRC (UK Computing Research Committee) and a Turing Fellow in AI and Data Science. I have served as an academic expert for numerous governments and industries, such as Singapore IDA, Lenovo, UK EPSRC, and UK DTI (InnovateUK). In addition, I have extensive editorial experience, having served as an editor for IEEE Distributed Systems from 2000 to 2005, and currently acting as an associate editor of IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems and ACM Computing Surveys. I am a Steering Committee member for several prestigious IEEE conferences, such as SRDS, ISORC, HASE, SOSE, JCC, and CISOSE, as well as serving on the executive board of IEEE TC on BIS. I have also been a General Chair/PC Chair for various IEEE international conferences. With over 300 academic publications, including papers in top-ranked IEEE and ACM Transactions, I have received international research prizes, such as the BCS/AT&T Brendan Murphy Prize, and led or co-led more than 20 research projects worth over £25M. I am also the co-founder of two university spin-outs that specialize in data analytics and AI software for optimizing data center performance and in co-simulation and digital twins.

The EPSRC-funded WRG e-Science centre (2002-2014), led by me, is a highly successful and internationally leading e-Research centre. It represents a strategic partnership between the three major Yorkshire research universities - Leeds, Sheffield and York - which has added significant value to their research projects in the areas of Internet-Based Computing and Advanced Engineering Applications (e.g. a highly successful partnership with Rolls-Royce), raising the national and international profile of the universities. From an initial investment of £7 million from the three universities, the centre has gone on to generate research income from both research councils and industry worth more than £20 million over the next 10 years.

I am now leading a collaborative research team, investigating fundamental theories and models for distributed systems (e.g. the theory for fault-diagnosable and large-scale distributed systems, and the formalisation for dynamic multi-party authentication) and developing advanced Internet and Cloud technologies with a focus on complex system engineering (e.g. with Rolls-Royce and JLR), energy-efficient computing (e.g. with Google and Alibaba), dependable and secure collaboration (e.g. large-scale data processing and analysis for social science and e-healthcare applications with TPP and X-Lab Ltd), and evolving system architectures (e.g. with BAE Systems).


  • Head of Distributed Systems and Services Theme

Research interests

My main research interests are on massive-scale distributed computing systems, complex resource management for Edge-Cloud computing, and data-centric system engineering, focusing on investigating, designing and implementing system components and mechanisms to tackle performance, efficiency, dependability and cost-effectiveness challengies and manage their trade-offs. I am also working on system and software dependability, including software fault tolerance, and rapid error recovery in Cloud data centres.

I have had for many years an exceptional track record of continuously obtaining and successfully delivering large-scale research projects (with a total of over £25M). My research activities have been supported so far by more than 20 research projects, mainly from the UK Research Councils, TSB/DTI, JISC, EU and industrial sources, e.g. being the PI for the prestigious EPSRC Platform grant on the WRG grid system (£1.2M+ since 2002). Other examples of important grants related to my research areas are: the UK TSB STRAPP project on using data provenance to enhance the trustworthiness of decision making process (2011-14, £1.37M, PI), the EPSRC PSi project on engineering a complex system of systems (2013-18, £0.75M, PI, industrial partner: JLR) within the EPSRC Simulation Innovation programme (£12M), and an on-going £1M+ EPSRC grant on using AI and data analytics to manage resources intelligently in massive-scale distributed systems (EP/T01461X/1, 2020-24). I also led the JISC Grid Testbed/NGS project at Leeds, Phases I, II and III (over £1.5M) and was one of the four academic leaders for the EPSRC/BAES System Engineering programme (£9.4M, industrial partner: BAE Systems). I was the PI for the EPSRC/DTI e-Science Core Programme project: e-Demand (over £0.6M) on developing a service-oriented Grid architecture, with support from industrial partners including SUN Microsystems, Sharp, and Sparkle Computers Ltd. I co-led successfully the design and development of a data-driven Grid system for e-Social Science applications through the ESRC MoSeS and GENeSIS projects (£2.2M), and was a co-leader of the successful EPSRC IBHIS project (£0.7M) for integrating distributed diverse data sources.

I have published in excess of 300 academic papers, book chapters and edited books in areas largely related to exploring and building dependable distributed systems (with 10,000+ Google citations). My major work has appeared in IEEE Transactions on Computers, IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, and IEEE Computer in the areas including (you may find the details of my publications in my full publication list below):

1) Accelerating Massive-Scale Model Training

Sun X, Wang W, Qiu S, Yang R, Huang S, Xu J, Wang Z. 2022. STRONGHOLD: Fast and Affordable Billion-Scale Deep Learning Model Training. International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage, and Analysis (SC22), Association for Computing Machinery.

Lin L, Qiu S, Yu Z, You L, Long X, Sun X, Xu J, Wang Z. 2022. AIACC-Training: Optimizing Distributed Deep Learning Training through Multi-streamed and Concurrent Gradient Communications. 42nd IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS), IEEE.

2) Intelligent Distributed Computing

Mommessin C, Yang R, Shakhlevich N, Sun X, Kumar S, Xiao J, Xu J. 2023. Affinity-Aware Resource Provisioning for Long-Running Applications in Shared Clusters. Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing (funded by the £1M+ UK EPSRC project EP/T01461X/1 from 2020 to 2024).

Wen Z, Hu H, Yang R, Qian B, Sham RWH, Sun R, Xu J, Patel P, Rana O, Dustdar S, Ranjan R. 2022. Orchestrating Networked Machine Learning Applications Using Autosteer. IEEE Internet Computing. 26(6), pp. 51-58.  

Zhu J, Yang R, Sun X, Wo T, Hu C, Peng H, Xiao J, Zomaya AY, Xu J. 2022. QoS-Aware Co-Scheduling for Distributed Long-Running Applications on Shared Clusters. IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems. 33(12), pp. 4818-4834.

Song Y, Jiao L, Yang R, Wo T, Xu J. 2022. Incentivizing Online Edge Caching via Auction - Based Subsidization. IEEE International Conference on Sensing, Communication, and Networking (SECON), IEEE.

Zhu J, Yang R, Hu C, Wo T, Xue S, Ouyang J, Xu J. 2021. Perph: A Workload Co-location Agent with Online Performance Prediction and Resource Inference. IEEE/ACM 21st International Symposium on Cluster, Cloud and Internet Computing (CCGrid).

Yang R, Hu C, Sun X, Garraghan P, Wo T, Wen Z, Peng H, Xu J, Li C. 2020. Performance-Aware Speculative Resource Oversubscription for Large-Scale Clusters. IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems. 31(7), pp. 1499-1517. 

3) Secure and Dependable Computing

Sun X, Ye Q, Hu H, Wang Y, Huang K, Wo T, Xu J. 2023. Synthesizing Realistic Trajectory Data with Differential Privacy. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, pp. 1-14.

Yang Y, Yang R, Li Y, Cui K, Yang Z, Wang Y, Xu J, Xie H. 2022. RoSGAS: Adaptive Social Bot Detection with Reinforced Self-Supervised GNN Architecture Search. ACM Transactions on the Web.

Hei Y, Yang R, Peng H, Wang L, Xu X, Liu J, Liu H, Xu J, Sun L. 2021. Hawk: Rapid Android Malware Detection through Heterogeneous Graph Attention Networks. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems. 

Wen Z, Lin T, Yang R, Ji S, Ranjan R, Romanovsky A, Lin C, Xu J. 2020. GA-Par: Dependable Microservice Orchestration Framework for Geo-Distributed Clouds. IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems. 31(1), pp. 129-143. 

Garraghan P, Ouyang X, Yang R, McKee D, Xu J. 2019. Straggler Root-Cause and Impact Analysis for Massive-Scale Virtualized Cloud Datacenters. IEEE Transactions on Services Computing. 12(1), pp. 91-104. 

4) Data Engineering and Knowledge Discovery

Wang Y, Yin H, Chen T, Liu C, Wang B, Wo T, Xu J. 2022. Passenger Mobility Prediction via Representation Learning for Dynamic Directed and Weighted Graphs. ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology, 13(1), pp.1-25.

Chen J, Zhang R, Xu J, Hu C, Mao Y. 2022. A Neural Expectation-Maximization Framework for Noisy Multi-Label Text Classification. IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, pp.1-12.

Chen J, Zhang R, Mao Y, Xu J. 2022. ContrastNet: A Contrastive Learning Framework for Few-Shot Text Classification. Proceedings of the 36th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), 2022 36, pp. 10492-10500.

Wang Y, Yin H, Chen T, Liu C, Wang B, Wo T, Xu J. 2021. Gallat: A Spatiotemporal Graph Attention Network for Passenger Demand Prediction. Proceedings of the 37th IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE), IEEE.

Wang Y, Yin H, Chen H, Wo T, Xu J, Zheng K. 2019. Origin Destination Matrix Prediction via Graph Convolution: a New Perspective of Passenger Demand Modeling. Proceedings of the 25th ACM International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (SIGKDD), ACM, 2019: 1227-1235.

Wang Y, Lin X, Wei H, Wo T, Huang Z, Zhang Y, Xu J. 2019. A Unified Framework with Multi-source Data for Predicting Passenger Demands of Ride Services. ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data (TKDD), 2019, 13(6): 1-24.

<h4>Research projects</h4> <p>Any research projects I'm currently working on will be listed below. Our list of all <a href="">research projects</a> allows you to view and search the full list of projects in the faculty.</p>


  • BEng (Chongqing, China)
  • MSc (Chongqing, China)
  • PhD (Newcastle upon Tyne)

Professional memberships

  • Turing Fellow
  • IEEE member
  • BCS member

Student education

I have a teaching role in the school for undergraduate degree courses (e.g. Operating Systems) and MSc degree courses (e.g. Big Data Systems). I supervise a number of PhD students in the areas of distributed computing systems and Cloud computing, MSc projects, and final year projects. I was also the BCS accreditation lead for the Joint School of Leeds-SWJTU for several years, and our BCS accreditation application for 2023-28 was successful in 2022.

Research groups and institutes

  • Distributed Systems and Services

Current postgraduate researchers

<h4>Postgraduate research opportunities</h4> <p>We welcome enquiries from motivated and qualified applicants from all around the world who are interested in PhD study. Our <a href="">research opportunities</a> allow you to search for projects and scholarships.</p>
    <li><a href="//">Designing and Implementing a Resilient Deep Learning Framework</a></li>