Evangelia Antonopoulou

Evangelia Antonopoulou


I am a member of the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in Fluid Dynamics. My research project is looking at the effect of surfactants and the dynamic surface tension in inkjet printing.

Research interests

The focus of my PhD project is the effect of dynamic surface tension and in particular the role of key active components, such as surfactants, and their effect on drop formation in the jetting process. The rapid expansion of the free surface during jetting means that local areas of surface will be depleted of surfactants leading to surface tension gradients. In this project we will develop a fluid dynamics model that incorporates these effects. The mathematical model is formulated using finite element methods and discretisation (FEM) which are then implemented numerically with FORTRAN 70. Numerical results have been validated against physical experiments which were conducted using facilities across the University of Leeds, Ricoh UK and the Physics of Fluids group, University of Twente, the Netherlands. For the first part of the project, the formation and evolution of micron-sized droplets of a Newtonian liquid generated on demand in an industrial inkjet printhead were studied experimentally and simulated numerically with the results of this work being accepted for publication in Physical Review Fluids.

During the first year of CDT programme, I worked on a interdisciplinary MSc team project, which considers the settling behaviour of colloidal suspensions. This kind of behaviour can lead to phase separation of the system. We proposed an improved model to describe such systems with this kind of behaviour while we investigated the problem with highly controlled laboratory experiments. Consumer products such as e.g. Lenor and Downy, usually use this problem and hence many applications of this model can be seen in this area. During this project, I visited the P&G's European Technical Centre, the Brussels Innovation Centre in order to conduct many experiments. The model results were succesfully validated against these highly controlled experiments, with the work published in Physics of Fluids.

Selected Oral Presentations

  • Effect of surfactants on jet break-up and drop formation in inkjet printing, 72nd Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society’s Division of Fluid Dynamics, Seattle, Washington, USA (November 2019)
  • Surfactants and jetting behaviour in inkjet printing, Droplets 2019, Durham University, Durham, UK (September 2019)
  • Jetting behaviour in the presence of surfactants in inkjet printing, UK Fluids Conference 2019, DAMTP and Churchill College, University of Cambridge, UK (August 2019)
  • Drop-on-demand inkjet printing of surfactant solution, 9th International Meeting of Hellenic Society of Rheology, Samos, Greece (June 2019)
  • Jetability of Inkjet Fluids, 3rd UK Fluids Network Drop Dynamics SIG Meeting, Wadham College, University of Oxford, UK (September 2018)
  • Finite Element Approximation of Stationary Electrorheological Fluids16th Panhellenic Conference in Mathematical Analysis, University of the Aegean, Samos, Greece (June 2018)

Selected Poster Presentations

  • Surfactant transport in inkjet printing, Fundamental Fluid Dynamics Challenges in Inkjet Printing, Lorentz Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands (July 2019)
  • Jetability of Inkjet FluidsUK Fluids Conference 2018, University of Manchester, UK (September 2018)
  • Jetability of Inkjet FluidsEPSRC Centres for Doctoral Training Poster Event, University of Leeds, UK (May 2018)
  • Jetability of Inkjet Fluids, 2nd UK Fluids Network Drop Dynamics SIG Meeting 2, Wadham College, University of Oxford, UK (December 2017)
  • Physical Separation and Settling Dynamics of Colloidal SystemsUK Fluids Conference 2017, University of Leeds, UK (September 2017)
  • Physical Separation of Colloidal Systems8th International Meeting of The Hellenic Society of Rheology,  Hellenic Society of Rheology, Limassol, Cyprus (July 2017)
  • Collapse of Colloidal GelsEPSRC Centres for Doctoral Training Poster Event, University of Leeds, UK (May 2017)

Selected Conference/ Workshop Attendance

  • Mathematics of Biology and Medicine Conference, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK (September 2019)
  • Graduate course in Advanced Perturbation methods, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK (February 2019)
  • Workshop on Droplet Coalescence, Durham University, UK (October 2017)
  • A Special Rheology Symposium in honour of Professor Roger I. Tanner on the Occasion of his 82nd Birthday, Samos, Greece (July 2015)

Research Visits

  • Physics of Fluids group, University of Twente, Twente, the Netherlands (Janurary-February 2020)
  • Ricoh UK Products Limited Inkjet Lab, Telford, UK
  • Procter & Gamble (P&G) Brussels Innovation Center, Brussels, Belgium (15-18 May 2017). Visiting: Vincenzo Guida (stability team)


  • MSc Fluid Dynamics (Distinction), University of Leeds
  • MSc Mathematics (Distinction), Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK
  • BSc Mathematics (4 years coursework), Department of Mathematics, University of the Aegean, Greece