Dr. Fiona Zakaria


Fiona Zakaria works as a research fellow for Climate and Costs of Urban Sanitation (CACTUS) Project, led by Prof. Barbara Evans from the School of Engineering. The project is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Her current research focuses on costings of city-wide sanitation and the greenhouse gasses emissions from sanitation system.

Fiona obtained her PhD from IHE Delft - TU Delft, the Netherlands. The PhD was funded also by The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation through SANI-UP (Scaling Up Sanitation Innovation in Sub Saharan Africa and South East Asia) Project. Her PhD research titled 'Rethinking Faecal Sludge Management in Emergency Settings'. The research outcomes were the development and field testing of a smart toilet (eSOS Smart Toilet) and development of decision support tools to aid sanitation planning in emergencies. Fiona obtained two MSc degrees from University of Oxford UK in Water Science, Policy and Management, and Universiti Putra Malaysia in Sanitary and Environmental Engineering. Before working as a researcher, Fiona worked mostly as WASH (water,sanitation, and hygiene) for various humanitarian agencies, UNICEF (in Indonesia and Sudan), Catholic Relief Services (Indonesia) and International Committee of The Red Cross (ICRC).

Research interests

Fiona's research interests evolve with her career and research. However, she is persistently pursuing research in WASH (water, sanitation, and hygiene), but later focus more on sanitation. She worked on emergency WASH, and then emergency sanitation as this was her PhD research. As she observed that emergency sanitation has a lot of similarities with urban sanitation, she now extended to urban sanitation, researching on costing, and the climate impact by sanitation systems.

<h4>Research projects</h4> <p>Any research projects I'm currently working on will be listed below. Our list of all <a href="https://eps.leeds.ac.uk/dir/research-projects">research projects</a> allows you to view and search the full list of projects in the faculty.</p>

Research groups and institutes

  • Water, Public Health and Environmental Engineering